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Source: Am J Neuroradiol  |  Posted 4 years ago

Percentage Insula Ribbon Infarction of>50% Identifies Patients Likely to Have Poor Clinical Outcome Despite Small DWI Infarct Volume; Timpone V, Lev M, Kamalian S, Morais L, Franceschi A, Souza L, Schaefer P; American Journal of Neuroradiology (AJNR) (Sep 2014)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Large admission DWI infarct volume (>70 mL) is an established marker for poor clinical outcome in acute stroke. Outcome is more variable in patients with small infarcts (<70 mL). Percentage insula ribbon infarct correlates with infarct growth. We hypothesized that percentage insula ribbon infarct can help identify patients with stroke likely to have poor clinical outcome, despite small admission DWI lesion volumes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS We analyzed the admission NCCT, CTP, and DWI scans of 55 patients with proximal anterior circulation occlusions on CTA. Percentage insula ribbon infarct (>50%, ≤50%) on DWI, NCCT, CT-CBF, and CT-MTT were recorded. DWI infarct volume, percentage DWI motor strip infarct, NCCT-ASPECTS, and CTA collateral score were also recorded. Statistical analyses were performed to determine accuracy in predicting poor outcome (mRS>2 at 90 days).

RESULTS Admission DWI of>70 mL and DWI-percentage insula ribbon infarct of>50% were among significant univariate imaging markers of poor outcome (P<.001). In the multivariate analysis, DWI-percentage insula ribbon infarct of>50% (P = .045) and NIHSS score (P<.001) were the only independent predictors of poor outcome. In the subgroup with admission DWI infarct of<70 mL (n = 40), 90-day mRS was significantly worse in those with DWI-percentage insula ribbon infarct of>50% (n = 9, median mRS = 5, interquartile range = 2-5) compared with those with DWI-percentage insula ribbon infarct of ≤50% (n = 31, median mRS = 2, interquartile range = 0.25-4, P = .036). In patients with admission DWI infarct of>70 mL, DWI-percentage insula ribbon infarct did not have added predictive value for poor outcome (P = .931).

CONCLUSIONS DWI-percentage insula ribbon infarct of>50% independently predicts poor clinical outcome and can help identify patients with stroke likely to have poor outcome despite small admission DWI lesion volumes.

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